Model development

We are currently building a quantitative model of impacts of active travel policy scenarios for the six TAPAS case study cities. To populate variables and define relationships within the model, we use existing data from the literature and local available data sources. A simple quantitative framework using all cause mortality as indicator for health impacts as a result of physical activity, air pollution and traffic deaths has been already applied to case studies in France and Barcelona.

The model will be applied to a number of policy case studies in the participating cities (see table 1). We plan to conduct a full health impact assessments on the policies for which effectiveness analysis can be conducted. The selected policies for this preliminary assessment are:

· Bike lane network
· Bike parking / intermodality
· Improvement in public transit / intermodality
· Traffic calming
· Congestion charge
· Car parking charge
· Bike sharing

Table 1. Summary Table of main proposed policies for evaluation across cities with color coding for commonalities across cities

Basel Barcelona Paris Copenhaguen Prague Warsaw
Car Parking Diagonal Project Velo-route Car parking Car Parking Bridges and bypasses
Car sharing BICING Vélib Congestion charging Congestion charge Bike sharing
Public transport Public transit Metro to bike campaign Intermodality Metro line, train to airport
Bicycle Lane Network Bicycle Lane Network Bike infraestructure Cycling infraestructure Bike lane networking
Bike parking Bicycle parking Work-place bike promotion campaigns Bike parking
Traffic calming Global policy Zone 10 Health project Traffic calming Eurocup
Super blocks Signage Sprawl-dispersed development